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Burn & Sunburn Care Basics

Burn & Sunburn Care Basics

How Common Are Burns In Children? 

Each year, over 23,000 American children are hospitalized, and over 1500 die from burn injuries. Burns can be caused by heat, caustic chemicals, electricity, sun, or radiation. The most common burns are scald burns and sunburns. About 15% of Caucasians have skin that never tans but only burns. The big risk factors for sunburn are red hair, blond hair, blue eyes, green eyes, or freckles.

What Are The Burn Types? 

First-Degree Burn:

Second-Degree Burn:

Third-Degree Burn:

When Do I Call The Doctor? 

What Do I Do For A Burn? 

First-degree burn: 

Second-degree burn:

Does Sunburn Cause Skin Cancer? 

Repeated sunburns increase the risk of skin cancer and each blistering sunburn doubles the risk of developing malignant melanoma, which is the most serious type of skin cancer. Although skin cancer occurs in adults, it is caused by the sun exposure and sunburns that occurred during childhood. The best way to prevent skin cancer is to prevent sunburn.

How Do I Prevent Burns?